Marriage Laws in Nigeria

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Nigeria is a country that is very pluralistic, both ethnically and legally. Essentially, three legal systems exist: the Islamic law, customary law, and English law. And, at times, these laws are conflicting, as someone like Nenadi Esther Usman is well aware of. This is because Nenadi Esther Usman was born Esther Nenadi, a Christian, but married Mr. Usman, a Muslim man. That said, Nigeria, and even the traditional places like the state of Southern Kaduna, accept marriages under each of those law systems as being legal. Sometimes, however, people do choose to have multiple marriage ceremonies, under each of those laws.

English Laws

There are a number of conditions that must be met in order for a marriage to be recognized under English law. As Esther Usan was then the economic and financial minister for Kaduna, and the overarching law is that of English law, she married her husband under these laws. This meant she met the following conditions:

  1. Senator Nenadi Esther and her husband both agreed to be married.
  2. Usman filed his intention to be married to Nenadi Esther, and said notice was entered by the registrar, remaining open for 21 days, after which the marriage certificate was issued. During this 21 day period, anyone is able to object to the marriage. As the former finance minister, Esther Nenadi Usman though some protest may have been made due to the interfaith nature of their wedding and her being from Kaduna, but none were made.

There are a number of issues, or caveats, that may be raised in objection to a marriage. If these caveats are raised, the registrar refers them to the High Court, who hold the ultimate decision.

The celebration of marriage, meanwhile, also has to meet certain rules and regulations, including:

  1. That it is held at an approved location between 8am and 6pm on the presence of at least two witnesses.
  2. That a recognized minister conducts the ceremony.

Customary Law

This is the easiest of all marriage ceremonies in Nigeria. It is one that follows the traditions and customs of a tribe in the country, which means that the rules can vary. However, it usually requires:

  1. The man and woman to agree to be married.
  2. That the woman’s parents have consented.
  3. That the man has paid a dowry.
  4. That the woman is handed over to the man.

If these conditions are met, the marriage is classed as legally valid.

Islamic Law

Finally, there is Islamic law. Under Sharia law, a man is allowed up to four wives, so long as he treats them justly, equally, and fairly. In order for the marriage to be valid:

  1. Both man and woman must agree to be married.
  2. A male member of the woman’s family must consent to the marriage.
  3. The man must provide a dowry worth at least N5000.
  4. At least two witnesses must be present during the ceremony.

In terms of interfaith marriages, this is only permissible if the man is a Muslim and the woman is a “people of the book” (Christian or Jew), which Esther is.

Seven Things To Get Her On Her Birthday

Everyone has someone in their life they want as a girlfriend. There are lots of things that people can do in order to attract that special someone on their birthday such as buying birthday cards. People might be worried that they will have to spend lots of money in order to make this happen, but that simply isn’t the case.

Read this helpful guide about seven things to get her on her birthday.

Take Her To A Spa

Women love to be pampered. That is why it is a good idea to have a couple spa weekend on on this special day. You will be able to enjoy massages as well as relaxing in a steam room. Spas are also a great place to do some lengths in a heated pool and to enjoy a dip in a Jacuzzi.

This will make her feel extremely good and she will be very relaxed. At the end of the day, she will have a radiant glow and will have a large smile on her face.

Research lots of different spas before making the final decision. Chimes spa is a fantastic option.

Take Her For A Meal

This is one of the most tried-and-tested methods when it comes to special occasions like birthdays. Choose a restaurant that you know she will like because there is nothing worse than her not enjoying her meal. People do not need to spend lots of money in order to have a quality meal. The mood of the meal can be enhanced by wine and candlelight. A meal is a great opportunity to get to know each other better in the relaxed surroundings.

Get Her A Horse Ride

Riding a horse is something that not many people will experience in their lives. However, this can be a romantic way to spend a birthday with that special someone. The ride can be supervised so that neither one of the people fall off their horse. The ride can take place in lush fields and dipping valleys, which will give a perfect view of the sunset at the end of the day.

Get Her Tickets To A Wine Tasting

A wine tasting is a very relaxing way to spend quality time together. The quiet surroundings of the vineyard make conversation very easy. Both people will be able to sample a wide variety of different vintages and also eat some food. People do not need to know anything about wine in order to have a good time.

Get Her A Place At A Pottery Class

Enjoy a pottery class together.

Buy Some Jewellery

Buy her some jewellery that she will treasure for a long time to come.

Buy Her A Dress

Buy her a dress for the birthday celebration so that she will look spectacular whatever you decide to treat her to! Birthdays come once a year so pull out all the stops and give her the day she really deserves!